The Environmental Impact on Occupational Therapy Interventions

Camille Louise Skubik-Peplaski, Dana Howell, Elizabeth Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to investigate how the environment influenced the intervention choices occupational therapists made for patients recovering from a stroke in an inpatient rehabilitation hospital. Three occupational therapists were observed providing intervention for six patients over a 16-month period. Treatment spaces included a therapy gym, gym with kitchen combination, and a home-like space. Furniture was added to the therapy gym to be more home-like midway through the study. Observations included therapist selection of treatment location and interventions, and observational data of the environment and interactions among therapists and patients. This study found that inpatient rehabilitation environments did influence interventions. The occupational therapists provided therapy in the standard therapy gym environment most often, whether it was enhanced to be more home-like or not, and predominately used preparatory methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-151
Number of pages13
JournalOccupational Therapy in Health Care
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • Environment
  • Intervention
  • Occupation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Occupational Therapy


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