The environmental Kuznets curve model for greenhouse gas emissions in Canada

Edward Olale, Thomas O. Ochuodho, Van Lantz, Jafar El Armali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Scopus citations


This paper tests for the applicability of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis at the Canadian and provincial/territorial levels using greenhouse gas emissions as an indicator for environmental degradation. The hypothesis is tested using provincial and territorial panel data from 1990 to 2014. The results vary depending on the econometric estimation method. The pooled regression results are mixed, with the EKC hypothesis confirmed at the Canadian level and in half of the provinces and territories. However, the fixed-effects regression results confirm the EKC hypothesis at the Canadian level and in all provinces and territories. The results also highlight the significance of technological change and province/territory specific characteristics in determining the level of greenhouse gas emissions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-868
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
StatePublished - May 20 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd


  • Climate change
  • Environmental Kuznets curve
  • Greenhouse gas emissions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Strategy and Management


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