The epidemiology of traumatic spinal cord injury in British Columbia, Canada

Brian Lenehan, John Street, Brian K. Kwon, Vanessa Noonan, Hongbin Zhang, Charles G. Fisher, Marcel F. Dvorak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Design: Retrospective observational study utilizing prospectively collected population-based data. Objective: To describe the epidemiology and demographics of all patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) treated at a single institution, which represents the sole referral center and specialized SCI unit for a population of 4 million people. Summary of Background Data: Although many studies report on the epidemiology of TSCI, studies in which patients are prospectively characterized in the acute setting with precise recording of their baseline neurological impairment are uncommon. Methods: Data on all patients admitted to a level 1 trauma center with TSCI between 1995 and 2004 were prospectively collected using a customized, fully relational, locally designed, spine database. Results: The incidence of TSCI averaged 35.7 per million and did not change substantially during 10 years of data collection. However, the median age of TSCI patients increased from 34.5 to 45.5 years during this period. The men-to-women ratio was 4.4:1. In those older than 55 years, cervical-level injuries with incomplete American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale (AIS) scores C and D were most common, with men demonstrating predominantly lower cervical injuries and women more likely to exhibit upper cervical injuries. Increasing rates of surgical treatment during 10 years of this study (61.8%-86.4%) were not associated with improvements in mortality rate or length of hospital stay. Patients older than 75 years who presented with an acute TSCI had a mortality rate of 20% while in hospital. Conclusion: The incidence of TSCI in our population has remained remarkably stable, and age-related changes mirror those in the population across 10 years. An increased tendency to surgical treatment during the 10 years of this study has not resulted in concomitant changes in patients' in-hospital mortality or length of stay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-329
Number of pages9
JournalSpine
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2012

Keywords

  • acute spinal cord injury
  • age and sex
  • demographics
  • epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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