The evolution of a department of internal medicine under an integrated clinical enterprise model: The University of Kentucky experience

Robert T. Means, David J. Moliterno, G. Roxanne Allison, Jay A. Perman, Richard P. Lofgren, Michael Karpf, Frederick C. Debeer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The impact on the Department of Internal Medicine of the emergence of the University of Kentucky Healthcare Enterprise as an integrated clinical model has been enormous. In fiscal year 2004, the department was financially insolvent and on the verge of implementing plans to decrease faculty from 127 to 65. Since that time, the department has changed dramatically with a corresponding improvement in its clinical, academic, and financial activity. The department has grown to 175 faculty, with a healthy financial outlook and a shared vision with the clinical enterprise. Departmental clinical growth has been accompanied by growth in extramural research funding. The clinical growth of the department, in turn, supported the growth of the integrated clinical enterprise overall.The purpose of this article is to present a case history of the impact of transition to an integrated clinical enterprise financial model on the clinical, research, and educational functions of a department of internal medicine, and the opportunities and lessons learned from this transition. The implementation of an enterprise model allowed revival and expansion of the clinical programs of the department. This expansion did not occur at the expense of the research and educational missions of the department but, rather, was associated with improved performance in these areas. The processes which were established during the conversion to the enterprise model, which involve strategic planning, monitoring of plan implementation, recalibration of objectives, financial transparency, and accountability of leadership and faculty, may better prepare the institution to face the challenges of the rapidly changing economic environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-537
Number of pages7
JournalAcademic Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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