The extracellular region of the receptor for advanced glycation end products is composed of two independent structural units

Brian M. Dattilo, Günter Fritz, Estelle Leclerc, Craig W. Vander Kooi, Claus W. Heizmann, Walter J. Chazin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

158 Scopus citations

Abstract

The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is an important cell surface receptor being pursued as a therapeutic target because it has been implicated in complications arising from diabetes and chronic inflammatory conditions. RAGE is a single membrane spanning receptor containing a very small ∼40 residue cytosolic domain and a large extracellular region composed of 3 Ig-like domains. In this study, high level bacterial expression systems and purification protocols were generated for the extracellular region of RAGE (sRAGE) and the five permutations of single and tandem domain constructs to enable biophysical and structural characterization of its tertiary and quaternary structure. The structure and stability of each of these six protein constructs was assayed by biochemical methods including limited proteolysis, dynamic light scattering, CD, and NMR. A homology model of sRAGE was constructed to aid in the interpretation of the experimental data. Our results show that the V and C1 domains are not independent domains, but rather form an integrated structural unit. In contrast, C2 is attached to VC1 by a flexible linker and is fully independent. The interaction with a known RAGE ligand, Ca 2+-S100B, was mapped to VC1, with the major contribution from the V domain but clearly defined secondary effects from the C1 domain. The implications of these results are discussed with respect to models for RAGE signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6957-6970
Number of pages14
JournalBiochemistry
Volume46
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 12 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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