The Fabrication and Characterization of Bimodal Nanoporous Si with Retained Mg through Dealloying

Tyler L. Maxwell, T. John Balk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The fabrication and characterization of bimodal nanoporous silicon films with retained magnesium, achieved through a novel approach utilizing free corrosion dealloying of precursor Si–Mg films in distilled water, is studied. Investigation of film structure and chemical composition using various techniques reveals important characteristics potentially relevant to lithium-ion battery applications. Dealloying of precursor films results in a hierarchal structure, where larger ligaments have an average width of 83 nm and smaller ligaments an average width of 19 nm. A thin, porous surface layer is present on most dealloyed films and is largely composed of magnesium and silicon oxides, as verified by XPS surface analysis. TEM studies reveal that as-dealloyed films are amorphous, but nanocrystalline silicon grains form after vacuum annealing at 500 °C. EDS mapping and XPS reveal three distinct chemical composition regions through the film thickness, where residual magnesium generally increases as a function of film thickness, with the highest amount of retained magnesium at the surface. The ligament size, composition, and structure, combined with the simple, non-hazardous nature of the dealloying method, make this an attractive material and processing technique for efficient and scalable production of lithium-ion battery anode material.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1700519
JournalAdvanced Engineering Materials
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Keywords

  • anode
  • corrosion
  • lithium-ion battery
  • porous
  • thin film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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