We draw on concepts in medical ethics to consider how computer science, and AI in particular, can develop critical tools for thinking concretely about technology's impact on the wellbeing of the people who use it. We focus on patient autonomy-the ability to set the terms of one's encounter with medicine-and on the mediating concepts of informed consent and decisional capacity, which enable doctors to honor patients' autonomy in messy and non-ideal circumstances. This comparative study is organized around a fictional case study of a heart patient with cardiac implants. Using this case study, we identify points of overlap and of difference between medical ethics and technology ethics, and leverage a discussion of that intertwined scenario to offer initial practical suggestions about how we can adapt the concepts of decisional capacity and informed consent to the discussion of technology design.
|Title of host publication||AIES 2019 - Proceedings of the 2019 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jan 27 2019|
|Event||2nd AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society, AIES 2019 - Honolulu, United States|
Duration: Jan 27 2019 → Jan 28 2019
|Name||AIES 2019 - Proceedings of the 2019 AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society|
|Conference||2nd AAAI/ACM Conference on AI, Ethics, and Society, AIES 2019|
|Period||1/27/19 → 1/28/19|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partially supported by NSF grant 1646887.
© 2019 Copyright held by the owner/author(s). Publication rights licensed to ACM.
- AI and Society
- Informed Consent
- Patient Autonomy
- User Centric Design
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Artificial Intelligence