The biosynthetic gene cluster for the pluramycin-type antitumor antibiotic hedamycin has been cloned from Streptomyces griseoruber. Sequence analysis of the 45.6 kb region revealed a variety of unique features such as a fabH homolog (KSIII), an acyltransferase (AT) gene, a set of type I polyketide synthase (PKS) genes, and two putative C-glycosyltransferase genes. As the first report of the cloning of the biosynthetic gene cluster for the pluramycin antibiotics, this work suggests that the biosynthesis of pluramycins utilize an iterative type I PKS system for the generation of a novel starter unit that subsequently primes the type II PKS system. It also implicates the involvement of a second catalytic ketosynthase (KSIII) to regulate this unusual priming step. Gene disruption is used to confirm the importance of both type I and II PKS genes for the biosynthesis of hedamycin.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Chemistry and Biology|
|State||Published - Jul 2004|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by grants from the National Institutes of Health (CA84374 and GM58196).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Drug Discovery
- Clinical Biochemistry