The hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase of Schistosoma mansoni. Further characterization and gene expression in Escherichia coli

L. Yuan, S. P. Craig, J. H. McKerrow, C. C. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Due to the lack of de novo purine nucleotide biosynthesis, hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGPRTase) is an essential enzyme in the human parasite Schistosomal mansoni for supplying guanine nucleotides and has been proposed as a potential target for antiparasitic chemotherapy. While the enzyme can be purified from adult schistosome worms, yields are too low to allow extensive structural and kinetic studies. We therefore cloned and sequenced the cDNA and gene encoding the schistosomal enzyme but were unable to positively identify the amino-terminal sequence of the enzyme from the DNA sequence. Knowledge of the exact amino terminus was necessary before accurate expression of active enzyme could be attempted. Therefore, we purified the HGPRTase from crude extracts of the adult worms. The purified enzyme has a subunit molecular mass of 26 kDa and an amino-terminal sequence of Met-Ser-Ser-Asn-Met. This sequence matched one of the potential initiation sites predicted from the cDNA and gene sequence. We next expressed the correct size cDNA of the S. mansoni HGPRTase in Escherichia coli using a vector that is regulated by a bacterial alkaline phosphatase promoter and uses an E. coli signal peptide for secretion of expressed product into the periplasmic space. Using this expression system, some of the recombinant enzyme is secreted and found to have a correct amino terminus. That remaining in the cytoplasm has part of the signal peptide attached to the amino terminus. The recombinant schistosomal HGPRTase isolated from the periplasm of the transformed E. coli was purified and found to have kinetic and physical properties identical to those of the native enzyme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13528-13532
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue number23
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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