Purpose: Clinically severe obesity (SO) is a known risk factor for worsened outcomes and recurrence of acute diverticulitis. Paucity of data exist on outcomes of diverticulitis after bariatric surgery. Methods: The Nationwide Readmissions Database was queried for diverticulitis hospitalizations between the years 2010 and 2014. We restricted analysis to patients with SO and those who had bariatric surgery (BRS). Outcomes of mortality, surgical events, and recurrent diverticulitis admissions were compared using multivariable analysis and one-to-one propensity score matching. Results: Among 52,274 diverticulitis admissions, 91.2% (47,694) patients had SO and 8.8% (4580) had prior BRS. Patients with SO had higher odds of suffering mortality on index diverticulitis admission when compared to those with prior BRS [adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 10.55; 95%CI 1.45,76.75]. Patients with SO were also more likely to undergo emergency surgery (aOR: 1.71; 95%CI 1.25,2.34) and colectomy (aOR: 1.45; 95%CI 1.26,1.68). Rates of recurrent diverticulitis readmissions within 30 days and 6 months were also higher in patients with SO compared to BRS patients (aOR: 7.94; 95%CI 1.09,57.83 and aOR: 1.98; 95%CI 1.14,3.43, respectively). Propensity score matching confirmed our findings of increased rates of mortality (OR: 17.28; 95%CI 2.02,147.6), recurrent diverticulitis, and worsened surgical outcomes within 30 days in patients with SO compared to BRS. Conclusion: This study is first to show improved outcomes and less recurrent hospitalizations for diverticulitis after bariatric surgery compared to patients with clinically severe obesity. Further studies are needed to understand mechanisms leading to this improvement and the role of weight loss in prevention of severe diverticulitis. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Feb 2022|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics