The impact of early literacy guidance on language skills of 3-year-olds

Judy A. Theriot, Sofia M. Franco, Barbara A. Sisson, Sharon C. Metcalf, Mary A. Kennedy, Henrietta S. Bada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


The objective of this prospective study was to determine the impact of early literacy anticipatory guidance (AG) with provision of books on language development in 3-year-olds in an early literacy program at a University-affiliated inner-city pediatric clinic. The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT-III) and the Expressive One Word Picture Vocabulary Test (EOWPVT-R) were administered to 33-39-month-old children exposed to an early literacy program, which included AG and provision of an age-appropriate book at each well-child visit starting at 2 months old. Children with developmental delays were excluded. Parental surveys on literacy and demographic data were obtained. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Sixty-four children were evaluated; 88% African American, 89% Medicaid recipients. Fifty-eight percent of families reported family-centered literacy orientation. The PPVT-III scores directly correlated with the number of AG visits with book given x number of books purchased (r2 = 0.025, p = 0.0006). Higher scores in EOWPVT-R were predicted by race and the number of visits with books given x number of books purchased (r2 = 0.182, p = 0.0009). All families reported reading together, half reporting positive family-centered literacy. Given the same number of books purchased for each child, the outcome scores were higher the greater the number of clinic visits wherein AG included early literacy and provision of books.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-172
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Pediatrics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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