The impact of economic factors and governance on greenhouse gas emission

Marzieh Ronaghi, Michael Reed, Sayed Saghaian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Governance is a basic factor explaining the poor economic, social and environmental performance of many developing countries. Since good governance impacts the environment and management of carbon emissions, in this study, we examine the relationship between governance and economic performance and its impact on CO2 emissions, employing the World Bank’s Aggregate Governance Indicators. To this end, data from Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries over 8 years (from 2006 to 2015) is analyzed through spatial econometric techniques for panel data. The results show that the governance index (with a negative sign) and GDP growth variable (with a positive sign) have the greatest impact on carbon dioxide emissions. The inflation rate, exports, imports, foreign investment, and employment also have an impact on CO2 emissions. The policy recommendations of this research are that governments can help protect the environment by adopting better governance practices, improving the governance structure, and implementing a clean technology strategy in production to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-172
Number of pages20
JournalEnvironmental Economics and Policy Studies
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies and Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature.


  • Carbon dioxide
  • Governance
  • Spatial panel model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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