The impact of metacognitive instruction on creative problem solving

Ryan A. Hargrove, John L. Nietfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations


This study examined the impact of teaching creativity in the form of associative thinking strategies within a metacognitive framework. A representative sample of 30 university design students was selected from a larger section (N = 122) to participate in a 16-week supplemental course. Each week a new creative thinking strategy was integrated with activities to encourage metacognitive skill development. Upon completion of the course the treatment group had significantly higher scores on fluency and originality measures compared with their matched peers. In addition, students in the treatment condition received higher ratings on a summative domain-specific project judged by external design experts. Metacognitive Awareness Inventory scores increased for the treatment group but were stable over time for the comparison group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-318
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Experimental Education
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 3 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


  • cognition
  • creative development
  • creative thinking
  • creativity
  • metacognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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