The Impact of Naloxone Coprescribing Mandates on Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths

Minji Sohn, Chris Delcher, Jeffery C. Talbert, Yue Cheng, Yong Xu, Emmanuel D. Jadhav, Patricia R. Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Introduction: Since 2017, a total of 10 states have mandated naloxone coprescribing intended to prevent fatal opioid overdoses. This study aims to assess the association between naloxone coprescribing/offering mandates and opioid-involved overdose deaths on the basis of the opioid type. Methods: Data on overdose deaths from 1999 to 2020 came from the National Center for Health Statistics CDC WONDER Online Database. This study examined deaths stratified by illicit/synthetic opioids and prescription/treatment opioids. Difference-in-difference negative binomial regression models estimated average marginal effects and 95% CIs. Covariates included opioid dispensing rate, Good Samaritan law, pharmacy-based naloxone access law, mandatory use of prescription drug monitoring program, and recreational cannabis dispensaries. Data collection and analysis were conducted in 2022. Results: Ten states implemented naloxone coprescribing/offering mandates during the period. Coprescribing/offering mandates significantly reduced the number of prescription/treatment overdose deaths by 8.61 per state per quarter (95% CI= –15.13, –2.09), a 16% reduction from the counterfactual estimates. Coprescribing/offering mandates did not significantly impact illicit/synthetic overdose deaths (average marginal effect=0.32; 95% CI= –18.27, 18.91). Conclusions: Coprescribing/offering mandates prevent overdose deaths for its target population, individuals using prescription/treatment opioids. These mandates do not appear to impact populations using illicit/synthetic opioids; thus, expanded efforts are needed to reach these individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-491
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Journal of Preventive Medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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