Alongside the expected reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European causative suffix*-éie/o-, there appears in Indo-Iranian a second, expanded version that contains a labial consonant: Indic -(ā)páya- and Eastern Iranian (EIr.)*-(ā)uaia-, the latter continued in Khotanese -ev-, Khwarazmian -(')wy-, and other modern EIr. languages. In this paper, we will argue that*-(ā)uaia- is also the source of a causative marker in two closely related Caspian (Western Iranian) languages, Gilaki and Tati-Talyshi, through a reconstructable Proto-Caspian form*-āwēn-. We propose that these three suffixes, -(ā)páya-,*-(ā)uaia-, and*-āwēn-, originated in Proto-Indo-Iranian, through the rounding of a root-final laryngeal to a labial sound in causative formations.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2023 Zia Khoshsirat and Andrew Miles Byrd.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cultural Studies
- Language and Linguistics
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Linguistics and Language