The Iysine-1 analog of guanylin induces intestinal secretion and natriuresis in the isolated perfused kidney

M. C. Fonteies, H. S.A. Monteiro, A. M. Scares, M. S. Santos-Neto, R. N. Greenberg, A. A.M. Lima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Guanylin is an endogenous peptide synthesized by several mammalian species that mimics the effects of a thermostable enterotoxin of Escherichia coli (STa: NTFYCCELCCNPACAGCY) in the gut. We have cloned a lysine-1 derivative of rat guanylin (Lys-1-NTCEICAYAACTGC) and tested its effects on ileal tissue membranes in Ussing chambers and in the isolated perfused rat kidney. Rabbit ileal mucosa membranes were mounted into a Ussing chamber and the effects of Lys-1 guanylin (Lys-1 G) and STa enterotoxin peptide on chloride secretion were determined by changes in shortcircuit current (Isc). Lys-1 G (10 to 100 nM) showed a dose-dependent effect on chloride secretion with a maximal response estimated to be 52 μA/cm2. Lys-1 G mimics the effect of STa peptide, but the enterotoxin elicited a greater maximal effect of 120 μA/cm2 (P<0.01). Lys-1 G (2.5 μg/ml) promoted an increase in both urine flow (from 0.13 ± 0.07 to 0.40 ± 0.01 ml g-1min-1, N = 4; P<0.05) and glomerular filtration rate (from 0.68 ± 0.02 to 0.85 ± 0.00 ml g-1 min-1, N = 4; P<0.01) in the isolated perfused kidney and a reduction of the fractional reabsorption of sodium (from 76.0 ± 0.03 to 59.5 ± 0.85%, N = 4; P<0.01). These maximal effects were accompanied by intense natriuretic effect observed 30 and 60 min after drug administration. The Lys-1 G analog similar to STa enterotoxin elicited intestinal chloride secretion and a natriuretic effect. These data demonstrate that the cloned peptide analog retains the biological activity of the native hormone and presents activity similar to STa. The properties of Lys-1 G resemble those of a factor formed during perfusion of the hypoxic rabbit kidney and named by us factor natriureticus similis (FNS).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-271
Number of pages5
JournalBrazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1996


  • Guanylin
  • Intestinal chloride secretion
  • Kaliuresis
  • Kidney
  • Lysine-1 derivative of guanylin
  • Natriuresis
  • Ussing chamber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • Biophysics
  • General Neuroscience
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology
  • Immunology


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