The JNK/c-Jun cascade and Alzheimer's disease

Hitohi Okazawa, Steven Estus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


Emerging evidence indicates that the JNK/c-Jun cascade is activated in neurons of the Alzheimer's disease brain and suggests its involvement in abnormal processes, ranging from tau phosphorylation to neuronal death. Substantial new data have accumulated on the functional relevance of causative genes in familial Alzheimer's disease and the pathological processes that occur within neurons. In this review, we summarize reported findings of the JNK/c-Jun cascade in Alzheimer's disease and discuss the relationship between the cascade and other pathological processes. We suggest that the effort to connect amyloid deposition with intracellular activation of the JNK/c-Jun cascade may modify the amyloid theory of Alzheimer's disease. Therapeutic approaches targeting the JNK/c-Jun cascade and other signaling may complement therapeutic strategies directed at reducing amyloid deposition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-88
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and other Dementias
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid
  • c-Jun
  • c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)
  • CDK5
  • Cell death
  • GSK-3
  • Neuron
  • Phosphorylation
  • Presenilin
  • SAPK
  • Tau
  • Transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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