Abstract— The effects of monovalent and divalent anions on the choline acetyltransferase reaction have been determined at high (5.0 mM) and low (0.58 mM) choline. At 0.58 mM‐choline, both monovalent and divalent anions activate the enzyme ±9 fold; however, at 5.0mM‐choline, monovalent anions activate the enzyme ±25 fold, while divalent anions activate ±9 fold. Both monovalent and divalent anions show uncompetitive activation with respect to choline. When either dimethylaminoethanol, N‐(2‐hydroxyethyl)‐N‐methyl piperidinium iodide, or N‐(2‐hydroxyethyl)‐N‐propyl pyrrolidinium iodide was substituted for choline, activation by monovalent or divalent anions was only 2.5‐4 fold. With AcCoA as substrate the ChA reaction can be increased ±20 fold by increased salts; however, with acetyl dephosphoCoA as substrate, the reaction is insensitive to the salt concentration. Similar salt effects on the ChA reaction, as measured in the direction of acetylcholine synthesis, have been demonstrated in the reverse reaction. In addition, inhibition of the forward reaction by acetylcholine has been measured as a function of sodium chloride concentration. Although the K1 for acetylcholine increases with increasing salt, this change in K1, parallels the increase in the Km for choline. These results support the hypothesis that both monovalent and divalent anions activate choline acetyltransferase by the same singular mechanism; which is to increase the rate of dissociation of coenzyme A from the enzyme.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Neurochemistry|
|State||Published - Mar 1979|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience