## Abstract

The Lefschetz question asks if multiplication by a power of a general linear form, L, on a graded algebra has maximal rank (in every degree). We consider a quotient by an ideal that is generated by powers of linear forms. Then the Lefschetz question is, for example, related to the problem whether a set of fat points imposes the expected number of conditions on a linear system of hypersurfaces of fixed degree. Our starting point is a result that relates Lefschetz properties in different rings. It suggests to use induction on the number of variables, n. If n = 3, then it is known that multiplication by L always has maximal rank. We show that the same is true for multiplication by L ^{2} if all linear forms are general. Furthermore, we give a complete description of when multiplication by L ^{3} has maximal rank (and its failure when it does not). As a consequence, for such ideals that contain a quadratic or cubic generator, we establish results on the so-called strong Lefschetz property for ideals in n = 3 variables, and the weak Lefschetz property for ideals in n = 4 variables.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 381-405 |

Number of pages | 25 |

Journal | Journal of Commutative Algebra |

Volume | 13 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2021 |

### Bibliographical note

Funding Information:Migliore was partially supported by Simons Foundation grant #309556. Nagel was partially supported by Simons Foundation grant #317096.

Publisher Copyright:

© 2021. Rocky Mountain Mathematics Consortium. All Rights Reserved.

## Keywords

- Cremona transformation
- inverse system
- maximal rank

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Algebra and Number Theory