The leucine aminopeptidase of Staphylococcus aureus is secreted and contributes to biofilm formation

Arun Kumar Singh, Rochika Singh, Dhanendra Tomar, Chirayu D. Pandya, Rajesh Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Staphylococcus aureus has emerged as a major drug-resistant pathogen in hospital- and community-acquired infections. Leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) is known to be essential for survival of the bacteria; however the LAP of S. aureus has not been extensively characterized. In this study, we report a detailed characterization of the S. aureus LAP. Methods: LAP from S. aureus was cloned, purified, and further biochemically characterized. The expression of LAP was analyzed by Western blotting. Growth and biofilm formation were analyzed spectrophotometrically. Results: LAP was cloned from S. aureus and expressed as a 55 kDa protein, whereas the molecular weight of the native protein is approximately 600 kDa. LAP showed amidolytic activity against l-leucine p-nitroanilide. Optimal activity was observed at pH 8.5 and 37°C with a Vmax of 2500μmol/min/mg protein. LAP enzymatic activity was inhibited by ion chelators and enhanced by divalent metal ions, specifically Ni. LAP is secreted by laboratory as well as clinical strains. Bestatin, an inhibitor of LAP, inhibits S. aureus growth and biofilm formation. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first detailed characterization of LAP from S. aureus and suggests its importance in survival and pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e375-e381
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We are thankful to Prof. M.M. Godbole (S.G. Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India) for help in generating the polyclonal antibody, and Dr Preena Bhalla (Staphylococcal Phage Typing Center, Department of Microbiology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India) for providing clinical strains of S. aureus . Dhanendra Tomar received a fellowship from the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, India. We are thankful to Dr Anton M. Jetten, Chief, Lab Cell Biology, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences/National Institutes of Health, North Carolina, USA, for a critical reading of the manuscript. We also acknowledge The Puri Foundation for Education in India for financial support to initiate the work and partial financial support from the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), New Delhi, India.

Keywords

  • Bestatin
  • Biofilm
  • Leucine aminopeptidase
  • Staphylococcus aureus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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