The link between individualism–collectivism and life satisfaction among emerging adults from four countries

Alessandro Germani, Elisa Delvecchio, Jian Bin Li, Adriana Lis, Sofya K. Nartova-Bochaver, Alexander T. Vazsonyi, Claudia Mazzeschi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The current investigation tested life satisfaction (LS), a cognitive component of subjective well-being, among emerging adults, in the context of individualism (I) and collectivism (C), by distinguishing both cultural and individual levels of analysis, considering their horizontal (H) and vertical (V) dimensions, and controlling age and gender effects. Emerging adults (N = 1760 university students, aged 18–25, Mage = 19.46, SDag = 1.50) located across four countries, namely China, Italy, Russia, and the USA, known to differ in the individualism index value (IDV), completed measures on the Horizontal and Vertical Individualism and Collectivism and Life Satisfaction. At the cultural level, an ANCOVA showed a significant country effects on LS. The post hoc comparisons indicated that the higher the country IDV score, the higher the average LS score, in the following order: Americans, Italians, Russians, and Chinese. At the individual level, LS was unrelated to HI and VI. Instead, it was associated with HC and VC. The positive link between LS and VC suggested an important role of family connectedness on LS across different cultures during emerging adulthood. However, contrary to previous studies, LS was unrelated to HI and VI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-453
Number of pages17
JournalApplied Psychology: Health and Well-Being
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 International Association of Applied Psychology


  • independent
  • interdependent
  • late adolescence
  • subjective well-being
  • young adulthood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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