The Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, as a model vector-borne pathogen: insights on regulation of gene and protein expression

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Lyme disease spirochete persists in nature through cycles between ticks and vertebrates. Although the spirochete interacts with numerous, distinct tissues and environmental conditions during its infectious cycle, Borrelia burgdorferi appears to possess a limited ability to sense its external environment. This apparent paradox is being resolved through detailed investigations of the molecular mechanisms through which B. burgdorferi controls production of virulence-associated factors such as the Erp outer surface proteins. The results have led to development of a model for how B. burgdorferi controls expression of its diverse proteins, wherein physiological and metabolic states that are unique to specific points in the infectious cycle trigger changes in gene and protein expression levels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102332
JournalCurrent Opinion in Microbiology
Volume74
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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