The mycorrhizal status of an emergent aquatic, Lythrum salicaria L., at different levels of phosphorus availability

Jennifer A. White, Iris Charvat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The relationship between nutrient availability and mycorrhizal status has been well studied for terrestrial plant species, but has been examined rarely in aquatic and emergent aquatic species. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of phosphorus availability on the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) status of an emergent aquatic, Lythrum salicaria L. L. salicaria was grown in hydroponic sand culture at five phosphorus concentrations (0, 100, 1000, 10000, and 47 500 μg PO4/l nutrient solution) for 49 days with or without mycorrhizal inoculum obtained from wetland soil. Inoculated plants at the lowest three phosphorus concentrations were colonized by AM, whereas there was no colonization of plants grown at the highest two phosphorus concentrations. Colonization by AM fungi occurred in conjunction with symptoms of phosphorus deficiency in L. salicaria under experimental conditions: plants at the lowest three phosphorus concentrations had lower biomass and higher root: shoot weight ratios than plants at the highest two concentrations. However, total biomass and internal phosphorus concentration did not differ between inoculated and control plants. Further studies are needed under conditions more closely mimicking natural dynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-197
Number of pages7
JournalMycorrhiza
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1999

Keywords

  • Arbuscular mycorrhizae
  • Emergent aquatic
  • Lythrum salicaria
  • Phosphorus
  • Wetland

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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