The needs of women with substance use problems: An expanded vision for treatment

Barbara E. Ramlow, Alayne L. White, Deena D. Watson, Carl G. Leukefeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Although the number of females served in United States treatment programs for substance use has increased over the last decade, women continue to be underrepresented. This suggests that the prevalent treatment models, which tend to be male-oriented, may not provide appropriate strategies to meet women's needs. Substance use problems in women appear to be multidetermined phenomena in which genetics, familial history, psychosocial issues, and other environmental factors play contributing roles. Working from a relational theoretical model of female psychosocial development, a continuum of expanded services addressing the entire context of women's lives is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1395-1404
Number of pages10
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1997


  • Substance use
  • Treatment
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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