The PPARγ ligand, 15d-PGJ2, attenuates the severity of cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis

Koji Hashimoto, Richard T. Ethridge, Hiroshi Saito, Srinivasan Rajaraman, B. Mark Evers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Introduction: The prostaglandin D2 metabolite, 15d-PGJ2, a potent natural ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), exerts antiinflammatory effects by inhibiting the induction of inflammatory response genes and NF-κB-dependent transcription. Aim: To determine whether 15d-PGJ2 decreases the severity of secretagogue-induced acute pancreatitis (AP) and to assess cellular mechanisms contributing to these effects. Methodology: Swiss Webster mice were injected with either saline or cerulein (50 μg/kg) hourly for 8 hours and received either 15dPGJ2 (2 mg/kg) or vehicle 1 hour before and 4 hours after induction of AP. Results: Treatment with 15d-PGJ2 significantly attenuated AP, as determined by histologic assessment of edema, vacuolization, inflammation, and necrosis. This attenuation was associated with decreased cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and intercellular adhesion molecule-I (ICAM-I) expression and decreased serum and pancreatic IL-6 levels. Treatment with 15d-PGJ2 markedly inhibited NF-κB DNA-binding activity, and, moreover, this decreased activity was associated with a concomitant inhibition of IκB protein degradation. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that 15d-PGJ2 attenuates the severity of AP most likely through the inhibition of COX-2 expression, IL-6 production, and NF-κB activation. Ligands specific for PPARγ may represent novel and effective means of clinical therapy for AP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-66
Number of pages9
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2003


  • 15d-PGJ
  • Acute pancreatitis
  • COX-2
  • NF-κB
  • PPARγ agonists

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Hepatology
  • Endocrinology


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