The prototype telescope and spectrograph system for the AMASE project

Renbin Yan, Matthew A. Bershady, Michael P. Smith, Nicholas MacDonald, Dmitry Bizyaev, Kevin Bundy, Sabyasachi Chattopadhyay, James E. Gunn, Kyle B. Westfall, Marsha J. Wolf

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present the design of the prototype telescope and spectrograph system for the Affordable Multiple Aperture Spectroscopy Explorer (AMASE) project. AMASE is a planned project that will pair 100 identical multi-fiber spectrographs with a large array of telephoto lenses to achieve a large area integral field spectroscopy survey of the sky at the spatial resolution of half an arcminute and a spectral resolution of R=15,000, covering important emission lines in the optical for studying the ionized gas in the Milky Way and beyond. The project will be enabled by a significant reduction in the cost of each spectrograph unit, which is achieved by reducing the beam width and the use of small-pixel CMOS detectors, 50µm-core optical fibers, and commercial photographic lenses in the spectrograph. Although constrained by the challenging high spectral resolution requirement, we realize a 40% reduction in cost per fiber at constant etendue relative to, e.g., DESI. As the reduction of cost is much more significant than the reduction in the amount of light received per fiber, replicating such a system many times is more cost effective than building a single large spectrograph that achieves the same survey speed. We present the design of the prototype telescope and instrument system and the study of its cost effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VIII
EditorsChristopher J. Evans, Julia J. Bryant, Kentaro Motohara
ISBN (Electronic)9781510636811
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
EventGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VIII 2020 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Dec 14 2020Dec 22 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume11447
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VIII 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online
Period12/14/2012/22/20

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 SPIE

Keywords

  • AMASE
  • Fiber-fed spectrograph
  • Integral field spectroscopy
  • Large area sky survey
  • Medium-resolution spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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