Background and Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) hostility and anxiety subscales in prison inmates. Methods: Reliability and construct validity of the BSI hostility and anxiety subscales were examined using Cronbach's alphas, factor analysis, and hypothesis testing. Results: Of the 373 male inmates, 63% were White with a mean age of 36 years. Cronbach's alphas for hostility and anxiety were 0.83 and 0.81, supporting internal consistency. Factor analysis demonstrated two dimensions, hostility and anxiety. Supporting construct validity, inmates with higher hostility as well as those with higher anxiety had a greater number of mentally unhealthy days and lower perceived control. Conclusion: The BSI hostility and anxiety subscales are reliable and valid for use in prison inmates.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Nursing Measurement|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The project attached was supported in part by NIH, National Institute of Nursing Research, grant numbers 1RC2NR011948 and RO1NR007952.
© Copyright 2021 Springer Publishing Company, LLC.
- prison population
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nursing (all)