The Real Effects of Credit Ratings: The Sovereign Ceiling Channel

Heitor Almeida, Igor Cunha, Miguel A. Ferreira, Felipe Restrepo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

144 Scopus citations


We show that sovereign debt impairments can have a significant effect on financial markets and real economies through a credit ratings channel. Specifically, we find that firms reduce their investment and reliance on credit markets due to a rising cost of debt capital following a sovereign rating downgrade. We identify these effects by exploiting exogenous variation in corporate ratings due to rating agencies' sovereign ceiling policies, which require that firms' ratings remain at or below the sovereign rating of their country of domicile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-290
Number of pages42
JournalJournal of Finance
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 the American Finance Association

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Accounting
  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics


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