The Relationship between Environmental Quality, Sustainable Health, and the Coronavirus Pandemic in European Countries

Moslem Ansarinasab, Sayed Saghaian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The emission of air pollutants weakens the body’s immune system and can increase the prevalence of coronaviruses. This study examined the effects of six environmental pollutant gases, including Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Nitrous Oxide (N2O), Hydrofluorocarbons (HFC), Perfluorocarbons (PFC), and Sulphur Hexafluoride (SF6), on the prevalence of coronaviruses (i.e., coronavirus cases, total deaths, and active cases) in 30 European countries. Due to the benefits of ridge regression, this method was used to investigate the effects of those environmental pollutants on coronavirus cases. The results showed that all six gases had a positive effect on active coronavirus cases in European countries. This study concludes that industrialized European countries could focus on reducing environmental pollutants to decrease the effects of future pandemics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11683
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number15
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank the anonymous reviewers for their careful reading of our manuscript and their many insightful comments and suggestions. Sayed Saghaian acknowledges the support from the United States Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Hatch project No. KY004063, under accession number 7002927.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.


  • coronavirus cases
  • ridge regression
  • six environmental pollutants
  • the EU countries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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