The relationship between labor and route of delivery in the preterm infant

Garland D. Anderson, Henrietta S. Bada, Baha M. Sibai, Carol Harvey, Sheldon B. Korones, Hubert L. Magill, Seok P. Wong, Kay Tullis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the effects of the active phase of labor and route of delivery on the frequency of germinal layer/ intraventricular hemorrhage in 89 infants with ultrasound-estimated fetal weights ≤1750 gm. Twenty-eight infants (31.5%) had germinal layer/intraventricular hemorrhage within 1 hour after birth and an additional 15 infants (17%) had germinal layer/intraventricular hemorrhage beyond 1 hour after birth. Infants with germinal layer/intraventricular hemorrhage had a significantly lower gestational age (p < 0.003) and birth weight (p < 0.007). Germinal layer/intraventricular hemorrhage within 1 hour after delivery was increased in the infants of women who experienced the active phase of labor regardless of the route of delivery. However, the incidence of germinal layer/intraventricular hemorrhage beyond 1 hour after delivery and the overall incidence were similar in the vaginal delivery and cesarean delivery groups. In addition, there was an increased incidence of progression to grades III and IV hemorrhage regardless of route of delivery in the infants whose mothers experienced the active phase of labor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1382-1390
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume158
Issue number6 PART 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1988

Keywords

  • Labor
  • germinal layer/intraventricular hemorrhage
  • preterm
  • route of delivery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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