The role of crystal packing on the optical response of trialkyltetrelethynyl acenes

Ling Yi Huang, Qianxiang Ai, Chad Risko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The electronic and optical responses of an organic semiconductor (OSC) are dictated by the chemistries of the molecular or polymer building blocks and how these chromophores pack in the solid state. Understanding the physicochemical nature of these responses is not only critical for determining the OSC performance for a particular application, but the UV/visible optical response may also be of potential use to determine aspects of the molecular-scale solid-state packing for crystal polymorphs or thin-film morphologies that are difficult to determine otherwise. To probe these relationships, we report the quantum-chemical investigation of a series of trialkyltetrelethynyl acenes (tetrel = silicon or germanium) that adopt the brickwork, slip-stack, or herringbone (HB) packing configurations; the π-conjugated backbones considered here are pentacene and anthradithiophene. For comparison, HB-packed (unsubstituted) pentacene is also included. Density functional theory and G0W0 (single-shot Green's function G and/or screened Coulomb function W) electronic band structures, G0W0-Bethe-Salpeter equation-derived optical spectra, polarized μ2 spectra, and distributions of both singlet and triplet exciton wave functions are reported. Configurational disorder is also considered. Furthermore, we evaluate the probability of singlet fission in these materials through energy conservation relationships.

Original languageEnglish
Article number0097421
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 28 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was sponsored, in part, by the National Science Foundation through the Designing Materials to Revolutionize and Engineer our Future (NSF DMREF) program under Award No. DMR-1627428 and Cooperative Agreement No. 1849213. We acknowledge the University of Kentucky Center for Computational Sciences and Information Technology Services Research Computing for their fantastic support and collaboration and use of the Lipscomb Compute Cluster and associated research computing resources.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Author(s).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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