OBJECTIVE: To study the role of cycline dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) in the malignant transformation of human fetal lung diploid fibroblast cell (2BS) induced by silica. METHODS: Recombination vectors with antisense pXJ41-CDK4 were constructed, and then were transfected into the malignant transformed cells induced by silica. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry were used to analyze the expression of CDK4. Cell growth curve, doubling time, cell cycle distribution and the growth capacities on soft agar were analyzed before and after antisense CDK4 RNA was transferred into malignant transformed cells induced by silica. RESULTS: During the malignant transformation of 2BS cells induced by silica, CDK4 gene was overexpressed. Antisense pXJ41-CDK4 transduction suppressed CDK4 gene expression in the antisense pXJ41-CDK4 transfected cells. Antisense CDK4 RNA led to cell cycle arrest, resulting in lengthened G1 phase (the percentages of cells in the G1 phase increased from 45.1% to 58.0%), and eventually attenuated the proliferation of malignant transformed cells induced by silica. At the 8th day, the suppression rates decreased by 77.43%. The doubling time prolonged from 21.0 h to 42.7 h. The growth capacities on soft agar of cells transfected by antisense pXJ41-CDK4 were decreased. CONCLUSION: CDK4 might play an important role in maintaining the transformed phenotype of the cancer cells.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases|
|State||Published - Oct 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (all)