The Role of Helplessness in the Appraisal of Illness Uncertainty in Women With Fibromyalgia

Melody D. Reibel, Marianne H. Hutti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain disorder characterized by uncertainty in etiology, symptomatology, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. The high level of illness uncertainty that results from fibromyalgia is a risk factor for maladjustment to illness. A cross-sectional survey design was used to examine the relationships among illness uncertainty, helplessness, and subjective well-being in 138 women with fibromyalgia. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine a predictive model for mediation. We found illness uncertainty is negatively associated with subjective well-being and that helplessness strongly influences the impact of illness uncertainty on subjective well-being in women with fibromyalgia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-352
Number of pages7
JournalNursing Science Quarterly
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2020.

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • fibromyalgia
  • helplessness
  • illness uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing (all)


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