The role of NF-κB/IκB proteins in cancer: Implications for novel treatment strategies

Stephanie A. Schwartz, Ambrosio Hernandez, B. Mark Evers

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

117 Scopus citations


The nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) family of transcription factors are involved in multiple cellular processes, including cytokine gene expression, cellular adhesion, cell cycle activation, apoptosis and oncogenesis. Constitutive activation of NF-κB has been described in a number of solid tumors and this activation appears to affect cancer cell survival. Inhibition of NF-κB has been shown to enhance the sensitivity of some cancer cell lines to antineoplastic- or radiation-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, suppression of NF-κB results in attenuation of cancer cachexia in a mouse tumor model. Studies are underway to further delineate the role of NF-κB in cancer cell survival, growth and resistance to standard chemotherapy and radiation regimens. Moreover, the effects of novel therapeutic agents which specifically target NF-κB proteins are currently being assessed in experimental models of cancer cell growth both in vitro and in vivo. In this review, we discuss the possible involvement of NF-κB in the growth of various solid tumors and potential future treatment strategies based on NF-κB inhibition. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-153
Number of pages11
JournalSurgical Oncology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999


  • Apoptosis
  • Cancer biology
  • NF-κB
  • Transcription factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology


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