The role of tandem acyl carrier protein domains in polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis

Hui Jiang, Ross Zirkle, James G. Metz, Lisa Braun, Leslie Richter, Steven G. Van Lanen, Ben Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acyl carrier protein (ACP) plays an essential role in fatty acid and polyketide biosynthesis, and most of the fatty acid synthases (FASs) and polyketide synthases (PKSs) known to date are characterized with a single ACP for each cycle of chain elongation. Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) biosynthesis is catalyzed by the PUFA synthase, and all PUFA synthases known to date contain tandem ACPs (ranging from 5 to 9). Using the Pfa PUFA synthase from Shewanella japonica as a model system, we report here that these tandem ACPs are functionally equivalent regardless of their physical location within the PUFA synthase subunit, but the total number of ACPs controls the overall PUFA titer. These findings set the stage to interrogate other domains and subunits of PUFA synthase for their roles in controlling the final PUFA products and could potentially be exploited to improve PUFA production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6336-6337
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume130
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - May 21 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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