The role of the right hemisphere in emotional communication

Lee Xenakis Blonder, Dawn Bowers, Kenneth M. Heilman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

353 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous research has established that patients with right hemisphere damage (RHD) are impaired in the comprehension of emotional prosody and facial expression. There are several explanations for this impairment. It may reflect defective acoustic and visuospatial analysis, disruption of nonverbal communicative representations, or a disturbance in the comprehension of emotional meaning. In order to examine these hypotheses, we asked RHD patients, left hemisphere damaged patients (LHD) and normal controls (NC) to judge the emotional content of sentences describing nonverbal expressions, and sentences describing emotional situations. We found that RHD subjects performed normally in their ability to infer the emotion conveyed by sentences describing situations. However, RHD patients were impaired in relation to both LHD and NC in the capacity to judge the emotional content of sentences depicting facial, prosodic, and gestural expressions, suggesting a disruption of nonverbal communicative representations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1115-1127
Number of pages13
JournalBrain
Volume114
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1991

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Supported in part by Grant MH40214 from the National Institutes of Mental Health, the Medical Research Service of the Veterans Administration, and the Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Division of Aging and Adult Services of the State of Florida.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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