The Roles of Education, Literacy, and Numeracy in Need for Health Information during the Second Half of Adulthood: A Moderated Mediation Analysis

Takashi Yamashita, Anthony R. Bardo, Phyllis A. Cummins, Roberto J. Millar, Shalini Sahoo, Darren Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examine complex pathways that link health information seeking behavior with education and health literacy (decomposed into general literacy and numeracy), and how these pathways differ by perceived health status (need) among a nationally representative sample of Americans age 50 and older (n = 2,750). Data come from the Program for International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). Multi-group structural equation models were used to examine the use of eight health information sources (newspapers, magazines, internet, radio, TV, books, friends/family, and health professionals). Findings partially support the long-standing notion that health seeking behaviors are directly linked to educational attainment, and provide some of the first nationally representative evidence for how education functions through distinct health literacy components to shape health information seeking behaviors by health status. Findings from this moderated mediation analysis point to the importance of examining, and addressing, health literacy disparities in access to and use of health information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-283
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Health Communication
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 4 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
In this research, Takashi Yamashita, and Phyllis A. Cummins were partially supported by the Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, through Grant R305A170183 to Miami University and University of Maryland, Baltimore County. The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent views of the institute or the U.S. Department of Education.

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Institute of Education Sciences [R305A170183].

Publisher Copyright:
©, Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Communication
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Library and Information Sciences

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Roles of Education, Literacy, and Numeracy in Need for Health Information during the Second Half of Adulthood: A Moderated Mediation Analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this