The roles of praise and social comparison information in the experience of pride

J. Matthew Webster, Jamieson Duvall, Leslie M. Gaines, Richard H. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


The authors examined the roles of social comparisons, publicity of success, and praise on the experience of pride in an experiment in which college students successfully completed a timed intelligence task in private and later received 1 of 4 types of feedback from the experimenter: no feedback (private), mere public acknowledgment of completion, general praise containing both a public and an evaluative component, or praise containing explicit comparison information. Half of the participants also received written normative information suggesting they performed at a high level. Participants then completed a number of dependent measures, including a key measure of pride. Overall, results suggest that the public aspect of a performance, together with the superior standing suggested by any praise accompanying this publicity, is important in the experience of pride.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-232
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Social Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003


  • College students
  • Praise
  • Pride
  • Social comparison

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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