The Short Executive Function Scale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study involved a psychometric evaluation of the Short Executive Function Scale (SEFS), a new 15-item self-report questionnaire measuring five constructs: Planning, Inhibition, Working Memory, Shifting, and Emotional Control. Participants included 717 U.S. undergraduate students (M = 18.9 years old, SD = 1.9; 78.8% cisgender female, 81.7% White) who completed the SEFS. A subset of 156 participants (M = 18.8 years old, SD = 0.9; 79.5% cisgender female, 83.3% White) completed the SEFS again at 2- to 3-month retest along with the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult (BRIEF-A) and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8). The five-factor model fit well (CFI = 0.941, RMSEA = 0.079) and each scale had acceptable internal consistency (ω range:.68–.81) and test–retest reliability (ICC range:.75–.89). Apart from Shifting, all SEFS scales had significantly larger convergent validity coefficients with their respective BRIEF-A scales (r range: −.25 to −.70) than discriminant validity coefficients with the PHQ-8 (r range: −.06 to −.28). These findings provide preliminary psychometric support for the SEFS.

Original languageEnglish
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.


  • behavior rating scale
  • executive function
  • psychological tests
  • psychometrics
  • self-report

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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