The SOD2 gene, encoding a manganese-type superoxide dismutase, is up-regulated during conidiogenesis in the plant-pathogenic fungus Colletotrichum graminicola

G. C. Fang, R. M. Hanau, L. J. Vaillancourt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

The SOD2 gene, encoding a manganese-type superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), was identified from Colletotrichum graminicola among a collection of cDNAs representing genes that are up-regulated during conidiogenesis. The SOD2 gene consists of a 797-bp open reading frame that is interrupted by three introns and is predicted to encode a polypeptide of 208 amino acids. All conserved residues of the MnSOD protein family, including four consensus metal binding domains, are present in the predicted SOD2 protein. However, the predicted protein does not appear to contain a signal peptide that would target it to the mitochondria. Northern hybridizations revealed that expression of the ∼900-bp SOD2 transcript is closely associated with differentiation of both oval and falcate conidia. Southern analysis indicated that there is only a single copy of the gene. SOD2 disruption strains were morphologically and pathogenically indistinguishable from wild-type strains. The dispensability of the MnSOD enzyme may be due to the activities of two other SOD enzymes, a highly expressed iron-type superoxide dismutase and a much less abundant copper/zinc type, that were also detected in C. graminicola.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-165
Number of pages11
JournalFungal Genetics and Biology
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Conidiation
  • Corn anthracnose
  • Fungal development
  • Superoxide dismutase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Genetics

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