The Solution is the Solution: Data-Driven Elucidation of Solution-to-Device Feature Transfer for π-Conjugated Polymer Semiconductors

Connor P. Callaway, Aaron L. Liu, Rahul Venkatesh, Yulong Zheng, Myeongyeon Lee, J. Carson Meredith, Martha Grover, Chad Risko, Elsa Reichmanis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The advent of data analytics techniques and materials informatics provides opportunities to accelerate the discovery and development of organic semiconductors for electronic devices. However, the development of engineering solutions is limited by the ability to control thin-film morphology in an immense parameter space. The combination of high-throughput experimentation (HTE) laboratory techniques and data analytics offers tremendous avenues to traverse the expansive domains of tunable variables offered by organic semiconductor thin films. This Perspective outlines the steps required to incorporate a comprehensive informatics methodology into the experimental development of polymer-based organic semiconductor technologies. The translation of solution processing and property metrics to thin-film behavior is crucial to inform efficient HTE for data collection and application of data-centric tools to construct new process–structure–property relationships. We argue that detailed investigation of the solution state prior to deposition in conjunction with thin-film characterization will yield a deeper understanding of the physicochemical mechanisms influencing performance in π-conjugated polymer electronics, with data-driven approaches offering predictive capabilities previously unattainable via traditional experimental means.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3613-3620
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 26 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the National Science Foundation Grant DMREF: Collaborative Research: Achieving Multicomponent Active Materials through Synergistic Combinatorial, Informatics-enabled Materials Discovery (Awards 1922111 and 1922174) for support. E.R. also appreciates support associated with Carl Robert Anderson Chair funds at Lehigh University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Chemical Society


  • coating process
  • computational modeling
  • conjugated polymers
  • informatics
  • polymer solutions
  • thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)


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