The geometrical structures of the ground states of triniobium monoxide, Nb3O, and its cation, Nb3O+, have been determined by an experimental and theoretical study. Vibrationally resolved photoelectron spectra of an Nb3O cluster beam were obtained at 100 and 300 K using the pulsed field ionization-zero electron kinetic energy technique. The spectra were simulated by calculating multidimensional Franck-Condon factors using the geometries and harmonic vibrational frequencies obtained from density functional theory for the minimum energy structures of the ion and neutral molecule. The rather remarkable agreement between the experiment and the simulated spectra establishes that Nb3O and Nb3O+ have planar C2v structures with the oxygen atom bridging two niobium atoms. These are the most complex transition metal cluster structures to date to be characterized by gas phase spectroscopic techniques.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Chemical Physics|
|State||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry