The Superintendent and Educational Reform in the United States of America

Lars G. Björk, Tricia Browne-Ferrigno, Theodore J. Kowalski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


During the last two decades the intensity and complexity of educational reform in the United States of America have heightened interest among policymakers, practitioners, and professors in large-scale, systemic change. As a consequence, superintendents are being viewed as pivotal actors in the complex algorithm for managing districts and leading policy implementation efforts. The challenges—both perceived and real—have provided grist for national debates on superintendent roles, expectations, and effectiveness as school system leaders. This article presents an analysis of discursive stages in the evolution of the American superintendency in response to external and internal change forces within school systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)444-465
Number of pages22
JournalLeadership and Policy in Schools
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2 2014

Bibliographical note

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Strategy and Management


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