The Use of Autologous and Cadaveric Grafts in Rhinoplasty: A Survey Study

Nicole C. Starr, J. Zachary Porterfield, Christopher Harryman, Nikita Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Both autologous and cadaveric grafts are often used during rhinoplasty to create volume and provide support. Despite discussion in the literature comparing the efficacy, cost-effectiveness, and complication rates between grafting options, it remains unclear which is the superior choice when considering availability, donor site morbidity, and cost. There is a little description of the current use of these materials amongst facial plastic surgeons. Methods: A 12 question survey was created, and IRB approval was obtained. The survey was distributed to practicing members of the AAFPRS via their membership listserv. Results: 178 respondents completed the survey for an overall response rate of 17.5%. The most common rhinoplasty graft types used by respondents were autologous septal cartilage (96.6%), autologous auricular grafts (93.8%), autologous rib graft (ARG) (75.8%), and cadaveric rib graft (CRG) (56.7%). Patient comorbidities and performing more than 50 rhinoplasties per year were positively correlated with use of CRG grafts and concerns about complications and cost were negatively correlated. Conclusions: While autologous septal and auricular cartilage remain the most common graft choices amongst surveyed facial plastic surgeons, a majority utilize cadaveric rib grafts in their practice. Patient comorbidities, surgery volume, concerns about graft complications, and cost were the chief factors associated with use of cadaveric grafts amongst survey respondents. Level of Evidence V: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2398-2403
Number of pages6
JournalAesthetic Plastic Surgery
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery.

Keywords

  • Autologous cartilage
  • Cadaveric cartilage
  • Costal cartilage
  • Rhinoplasty
  • Survey study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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