Therapeutic implications of lymph nodal spread in lateral T1 and t2 squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva

S. J. Andrews, B. T. Williams, P. D. DePriest, H. H. Gallion, J. E. Hunter, S. L. Buckley, R. J. Kryscio, J. R. Van Nagell

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45 Scopus citations

Abstract

From 1963 to 1993, 157 patients with primary squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva were treated by radical surgery at the University of Kentucky Medical Center. There were 84 unilateral lesions confined to the labium majus or labium minus. Thirty-seven patients had T1 lesions, median diameter 1.5 cm (range 0.5-2.0 cm), and 47 patients had T2 lesions, median diameter 3.4 cm (range 2.2-9.0 cm). Radical vulvectomy with bilateral inguinal lymphadenectomy was performed in 56 patients and radical hemivulvectomy with selective inguinal lymphadenectomy in 28 patients. An average of 8 nodes was removed with superficial inguinal lymphadenectomy and 13 nodes with superficial and deep inguinal lymphadenectomy. Deep inguinal lymph node metastases occurred only in patients with positive superficial inguinal lymph nodes. There were no contralateral inguinal lymph node metastases in any lateral T1 or T2 lesion. Following surgery, patients were followed 1-15 years (mean 5.0 years) and none have been lost to follow-up. Nine patients developed ipsilateral recurrences, but no contralateral recurrences were noted. Seven of these patients developed local recurrences to the ipsilateral vulvar skin and were cured by reexcision. Two patients (2.4%), both of whom had positive ipsilateral superficial and deep inguinal lymph node metastases at the time of initial surgery, developed distant metastases and died of disease 10 and 11 months after treatment. These data suggest that deep inguinal lymph nodal metastases occurred only in patients with superficial inguinal node involvement. Contralateral inguinal lymph nodal metastases are extremely rare in lateral T1 and T2 vulvar squamous cell carcinomas. Radical hemivulvectomy is as effective as radical vulvectomy in the treatment of lateral T1 and T2 vulvar squamous cell cancers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-46
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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