Thermoresponsive PNIPAm-PMMA-functionalized PVDF membranes with reactive Fe-Pd nanoparticles for PCB degradation

Anthony Saad, Rollie Mills, Hongyi Wan, Lindell Ormsbee, Dibakar Bhattacharyya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Fe-Pd nanoparticles are immobilized in stimuliresponsive poly-N-isopropylacrylamide (PNIPAm)- and polymethyl methacrylate-functionalized polyvinylidene fluoride membranes using ion exchange for 2-chlorobiphenyl (PCB-1) degradation via the reductive pathway. PNIPAm is introduced into the reactive membrane system, and its thermoresponsive behavior is leveraged to enhance PCB-1 diffusion and adsorption into the reactive domain. The surface area-normalized rate constant (kSA) values were determined in the convective flow mode to be 0.13, 0.28, 0.72, and 1.36 L/m2/g at 15, 25, 35, and 45 °C, respectively, with an activation energy of 60 kJ/mol (3 wt % Pd). The diffusion coefficients for PCB-1 were 6.6 × 10-11 and 8.7 × 10-11 m2/s at 25 and 35 °C, respectively. The adsorption of PCB-1 onto PNIPAm hydrogels also increased from 40 to 70% as the temperature was increased above its lower critical solution temperature of 32 °C. The batch-mode kSA values were 0.12 L/m2/h at 25 °C and 0.35 L/m2/h at 35 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16614-16625
Number of pages12
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number38
StatePublished - Sep 23 2020

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© 2020 American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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