Thoracic dorsal arachnoid web with rapid onset of symptoms: A report of two cases and brief review of the literature

Tripp Hines, Catherine Wang, Christine Duttlinger, Jay Thompson, Kevin Watford, Benjamin Motley, Greg Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Thoracic arachnoid webs are a rare entity and can be challenging to diagnose with sometimes subtle radiographic findings. Arachnoid webs can cause severe cord compression with associated syrinx and resulting myelopathy, weakness, sensory loss, and bowel/bladder dysfunction. There have been a little over 60 cases total reported in the literature with only one systematic review. The cases presented here have unique features including rapid onset of symptoms, symptomatic syrinx extending into the cervical spine, and intraoperative syrinx drainage, all of which are quite rare in the current published literature for arachnoid webs. Case Description: Here, we present two patients, a 73-year-old man and 58-year-old man presenting with different symptoms and timing of symptom progression but both with "scalpel sign" and associated syrinx present on their MRIs. Each patient underwent a laminectomy with resection of arachnoid web with complete resolution of symptoms in the first case and significant improvement in the second case. Postoperative imaging in both cases showed almost complete resolution of the syrinx. Conclusion: Early clinical evaluation and workup followed by early surgical treatment can lead to dramatic improvement in outcomes after surgery. For patients that are symptomatic from an associated syrinx, a midline myelotomy to facilitate drainage can be considered to be done concomitantly with the arachnoid web resection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number323
JournalSurgical Neurology International
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

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Keywords

  • Arachnoid web
  • Dorsal
  • Review
  • Spine
  • Surgery
  • Thoracic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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