A new three-dimensional echocardiographic system creates a "line of intersection" display to allow precise and known positioning of echocardiographic images. Our purpose was to determine whether use of the line-of-intersection display will improve positioning of the apical four-chamber and apical two-chamber views and thereby improve the agreement between estimates of left ventricular volume by apical biplane echocardiography and cineventriculography. Unguided and line of intersection-guided apical biplane views were obtained in 31 patients immediately before cardiac catheterization and single-plane cineventriculography. In 15 patients the line-of-intersection display was used to measure the position of the image plane in studies of unguided and guided methods. Linear regression and limits of agreement analysis were used to assess the agreement between cineventriculographic volumes and echocardiographic volumes determined from each set of images. The Wilcoxon test was used to compare guided and unguided image positioning. The line-of-intersection display improved four-chamber and two-chamber view positioning closer to the center of the ventricle and rotation closer to orthogonal positioning. Guided-image positioning was not able to correct displacement of the ultrasound beam anterior to the ventricular apex without deterioration of image quality in most patients. Despite improvements in image plane positioning, the agreement between echocardiographic and cineventriculographic volumes was unchanged. For end-diastole views, the unguided images had an r value=0.84, standard error of the estimate of ±23.0 cc, and limits of agreement of ±62.4 cc. Corresponding values for the guided images at end diastole were r=0.85, standard error of the estimate of ±22.9 cc, and limits of agreement of ±60.8 cc. At end systole the unguided results were r=0.94, standard error of the estimate of 14.5 cc, limits of agreement of ±49.0 cc, and the guided results were r=0.94, standard error of the estimate of 16.8 cc, and limits of agreement of ±52.2 cc. The line-of-intersection guiding of image plane positioning can improve apical image positioning but does not improve the agreement between apical biplane echocardiographic and cineventriculographic left ventricular volumes. The optimal apical imaging window is frequently occluded by the rib cage, resulting in a decrease in image quality. This reduction of image quality, combined with assumptions of left ventricular geometry, limit the accuracy of estimates of left ventricular volume from apical biplane echocardiography.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography|
|Issue number||5 PART 1|
|State||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine