Thyroid hormone-induced alterations in membrane structure-function relationships: Studies on kinetic properties of rat kidney microsomal Na +,K+-ATPase and lipid/phospholipid profiles

Surendra S. Katyare, Hiren R. Modi, Samir P. Patel, Minal A. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of thyroidectomy (Tx) and subsequent treatment with 3,5,3′-triiodothyronine (T3) or combined replacement therapy (TR) with T3 and thyroxine (T4) on the substrate and temperature kinetics properties of Na+,K +-ATPase and lipid/phospholipid makeup of rat kidney microsomes were examined. Enzyme activity was somewhat high in the hypothyroid (Tx) animals and increased significantly following T3 treatment, while TR treatment caused a decrease. In the Tx and T3 groups enzyme activity resolved in two kinetic components, while in the TR group the enzyme showed allosteric behavior up to 0.5 mm ATP concentration. The Km and Vmax values of both the components decreased in Tx animals without affecting the catalytic efficiency. T3 treatment caused a significant increase in the Vmax of both the components, with a significant increase in the catalytic efficiency, while the Km values were not upregulated. The TR regimen lowered the Km and V max of component II but improved the catalytic efficiency. Thyroid status-dependent changes were also noted in the temperature kinetics of the enzyme. Regression analysis revealed that changes in the substrate and temperature kinetics parameters correlated with specific phospholipid components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-81
Number of pages11
JournalThe Journal of Membrane Biology
Volume219
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2007

Keywords

  • Lipid/phospholipid profile
  • Microsomal Na,K -ATPase
  • Substrate and temperature kinetics
  • Thyroid hormone
  • Thyroxine
  • Triiodothyronine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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