Background: Bleeding complications are associated with unfavorable outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Compared to Whites, several studies demonstrated a higher risk of bleeding in Asians who present with acute myocardial infarction. To date, the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor in East Asian population have not been well established. Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that compared ticagrelor and clopidogrel in East Asian patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrial.gov database. Results: Three randomized controlled trials, including a total of 1552 patients, met our inclusion criteria. Study countries included Japan, South Korea, and China. All studies defined primary efficacy endpoint and major bleeding events in accordance with the PLATO definition. Ticagrelor was associated with a numerically lower, albeit statistically nonsignificant, risk of primary efficacy endpoint defined as a composite of death from vascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke (odds ratio 0.84; 95% confidence interval 0.43–1.63; p = 0.60). Ticagrelor was associated with a significantly higher risk of PLATO-defined major bleeding compared to clopidogrel (odds ratio 1.52; 95% confidence interval 1.04–2.23; p = 0.03). Conclusions: Our meta-analysis demonstrated that ticagrelor was associated with a higher risk of major bleeding compared to clopidogrel in East Asian patients with ACS. Further studies evaluating the role of ticagrelor in management of ACS in East Asian patients are warranted.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine|
|State||Published - Sep 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Dr. Abdel-Latif is supported by the University of Kentucky COBRE Early Career Program (P20 GM103527) and the NIH Grant R01 HL124266 .
© 2018 Elsevier Inc.
- Acute coronary syndrome
- East Asian
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine